Manifest Destiny reflected both the prides that characterized American Nationalism in the mid 19th century, and the idealistic vision of social perfection through God and the church. Both fueled much of the reform energy of the time. Individually, the components created separate reasons to conquer new land. Together they exemplified Americas ideological need to dominate from pole to pole.
As a nation, the United States is often portrayed as restless and rootless. Census data, though, indicate that Americans are settling down. Asked why they live where they do, movers most often cite the pull of economic opportunity. Stayers most often cite the tug of family and connections.
Both the survey and Census data indicate that the biggest differences in the characteristics of movers and stayers revolve around geography and education. In the Midwest, nearly half of adult residents say they have spent their entire lives in their hometown.
That compares with fewer than a third of those who live in Western states. Cities, suburbs and small towns have more movers than stayers, while rural areas are more evenly split. Three-quarters of college graduates have moved at least once, compared with just over half of Americans with no more than a high school diploma.
College graduates also move longer distances — and move more often — than Americans with a high school diploma or less, and employment plays a greater role in their decisions about where to live. By income group, the most affluent Americans are the most likely to have moved.
Analysts say the long-term decline in migration has occurred because the U. Another brake on moving is the rise of two-career couples, because it is more difficult to coordinate a relocation when two jobs are involved.
On top of these long term trends, the current economic downturn has led to a further decline in migration, because jobs are typically one of the key magnets that induce people to move. This report combines the survey findings with Census Bureau data on migration patterns between states and regions.
The survey also posed questions to U. As for foreign-born adults, a majority say that the U. Not surprisingly, the longer an immigrant lives in this country, the more likely the U. The Pew survey finds that stayers overwhelmingly say they remain because of family ties and because their hometowns are good places to raise children.
Their life circumstances match those explanations. A majority of stayers also cite a feeling of belonging as a major reason for staying put.
Movers are far less likely to cite those kinds of ties. Fewer than four-in-ten say a major reason they moved to their current community has to do with family or child-rearing.
Movers are more likely than stayers to say that it is likely they will move in the next five years. But despite those and other differences, equal shares of movers and stayers — about six-in-ten — rate their communities overall as good to excellent.
About the Survey Results for this survey are based on telephone interviews conducted with a nationally representative sample of 2, adults living in the continental United States. A combination of landline and cellular random digit dial RDD samples was used to represent all adults in the continental United States who have access to either a landline or cellular telephone.
A total of 1, interviews were completed with respondents contacted by landline telephone and from those contacted on their cellular phone. The data are weighted to produce a final sample that is representative of the general population of adults in the continental United States.
Whites include only non- Hispanic whites. Blacks include only non-Hispanic blacks. Hispanics are of any race. Survey interviews conducted under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International.
Interviews conducted in English or Spanish. Read the full report for more details. The Pew survey defines a mover as someone who has changed communities, while the Census Bureau uses a broader definition that also includes people who moved to a new home in the same community.People moved to the west because in the east there was no room for farming, economic depression, and there was no space for farming and agriculture.
People also moved west because of the gold rush. Mar 24, · The outposts of the American West were connected to the population centers back east. In addition, the California Gold Rush was a mad dash of hundreds of thousands of fortune- seekers who came to prospect in the Sierra foothills following the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill in Status: Resolved.
American and Mexican War: The Americans in Texas claim that the southern boundary of their province is the Rio Grande. The Mexicans maintain that . CHAPTER 1: Early America. An Outline of American History To the west were the original Americans, the Indians.
Sometimes friendly, sometimes hostile, the Eastern tribes were no longer strangers to the Europeans. for reasons that are still unclear -- was the move to the cliff sides below the flat-topped mesas, where the Anasazi carved. African Americans in Kansas. The first post of the buffalo soldiers, as they became known, was Fort Leavenworth, the oldest military base west of the Mississippi River.
From there the soldiers were sent to western Kansas and to points farther west. Farming Families moved West to receive land granted through the Homestead Act.
They also traveled West because there was little farming land in the North. The families saved money by paying a small fee for their land in the West instead of paying money for more expensive Northern land.